Books and Arts

White Teeth by Zadie Smith (Random House, 462 pp., $25.95) A genre is hardening. It is becoming easy to describe the contemporary idea of the "big, ambitious novel." Familial resemblances are asserting themselves, and a parent can be named: he is Dickens. Such recent novels as The Ground Beneath Her Feet, Mason & Dixon, Underworld, Infinite Jest, and now White Teeth overlap rather as the pages of an atlas expire into each other at their edges.

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House Arrest

Sex and Real Estate: Why We Love Housesby Marjorie Garber(Pantheon, 243 pp., $23)Marjorie Garber, William R. Kenan, Jr. Professor of English and the director of the Humanities Center at Harvard University, is a woman of almost sinister prolificacy. Every year or so, for many years now, her printer has burped forth some fresh chunk of cultural analysis. There are, one imagines, members of the cultural-studies crowd who set their watches by the regularity of these productions. Early in her career, Garber's work tended to a knotty, theoretical earnestness.

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Situationism

The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Difference by Malcolm Gladwell(Little, Brown & Co., 288 pp., $24.95) In 1957, the sociologist Morton Grodzins introduced the idea of a "tipping point," in the context of a suggestion that once a certain percentage of minority group members enter a neighborhood (usually 20 percent, he proposed), the vast majority of whites will leave it. In the 1970s, the economist Thomas Schelling analyzed the "tipping point" phenomenon in considerable detail.

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Sacred Implications

The David Story: A Translation With Commentary of 1 and 2 Samuelby Robert Alter(Norton, 448 pp., $30)Give Us a King!: Samuel, Saul, and Davidby Everett Fox(Schocken Books, 336 pp., $26)It was the German-Jewish literary scholar Erich Auerbach who, in a masterly comparison of Homer and the Bible in the opening chapter of his book Mimesis, in the early 1940s produced the first modern analysis of the radical minimalism of biblical prose narrative.

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Code Comfort

The Control Revolutionby Andrew L. Shapiro(Perseus, 286 pp., $25)Code and Other Laws of Cyberspaceby Lawrence Lessig(Basic Books, 230 pp., $30) I. I have a number of "bookmarks" on my Netscape program. Many of them come from Netscape itself, and I have not changed them. (I am not sure that I could.) These include Nextcard Internet Visa, Toshiba, FTD Flowers, CBS sportsline and ABC news (not CBS news and not ABC sports, and nothing from NBC), and Netscape Channel itself.

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James Madison: WritingsEdited by Jack N. Rakove(Library of America, 966 pp., $40)If having one's writings collected in a volume of the Library of America is a criterion, then James Madison at last has become a full-fledged Founding Father. Of the major Revolutionary leaders, only Franklin, Jefferson, and Washington have preceded him into what has become the American canon. Alexander Hamilton and John Adams still await entry, angry and frustrated no doubt by the fact that even the populist firebrand Thomas Paine has preceded them.Such recognition of Madison is long overdue.

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Angels Arrive

Paper Bridges: Selected Poems of Kadya Molodowskytranslated, introduced, and edited by Kathryn Hellerstein(Wayne State University Press, 543 pp., $29.95)In her book of Yiddish poems, Dzshike Street, which appeared in 1933, Kadya Molodowsky has a sequence of five poems called "Jeremiah." This is the first of them, excellently translated by Kathryn Hellerstein:When my heart grows so full ofheavinessThat my legs can't hold my bodyany more,I want to fall onto my hands and knees,Howling windily, down on all foursLike an animal that knows not whyOr for whom--It's then, like milk upon the lips,That s

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At Unease

Don't: A Reader's Guide to the Military's Anti-Gay Policy by Janet E. Halley(Duke University Press, 159 pp., $14.95)   In 1993, Jamie Gorelick, general counsel of the Department of Defense, testified before a subcommittee of the House Armed Services Committee. Defending President Clinton's new "don't ask, don't tell" policy, Gorelick was asked to explain how someone alleged to be homosexual could establish that she was not, in fact, homosexual. Gorelick answered with an example: "In one instance a woman was alleged to have said that she was a lesbian.

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The Passing of an Illusion: The Idea of Communism in the Twentieth Century by Francois Furet (University of Chicago Press, 596 pp., $35) I. Ten years on, it is apparent that we misunderstood the meaning of 1989 then and we misunderstand it now. Loose talk about the end of history is to blame. It led us to think that communism was over. Ten years on, it obviously is not over. Slobodan Milosevic's regime remains communist in essence, if authoritarian-populist in form.

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 I have confidence, Peacock, and my eyes are soft. The chairs, Queen Anne, the tables of night,             The beaded lamps, square pillows, more symmetric that the human heart, headboard of leaf-like nothing that can ever form.   As you love this bed it makes you think of the other bed, so short they had to lay him out diagonal.

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