The Atheism of Bertrand Russell and Julian Huxley
April 28, 1958

At the age of 86, Russell still boldly declares that, in his opinion, “all the great religions of the world, Buddhism, Hinduism, Christianity, Islam,

The Story Teller's Story
December 08, 1957

I have lately reread the interviews with novelists and short-story writers that have appeared four times a year in The Paris Review. By now there are

Justice and the Death Penalty
August 26, 1957

Arthur Koestler has treated his adopted country to a philippic on the one issue on which a continental may rightfully criticize the quality of English

John Milton Muddles Through
May 27, 1957

I don’t enjoy generalizing, unless I can support my argument by practical examples. I assume that almost everyone has read Milton’s L’Allegro, but I,

A Poet Who Cannot Pause
September 17, 1956

The impression I get from the poems and fragments of poems of René Char is that they are parts of something larger, from the same block. There is alwa

Americans and Russians
June 11, 1956

No one is more pleased and encouraged than I am about the changes that have recently occurred in Russia. They have unquestionably helped to reduce wor

Enemy in the Mouth
March 20, 1955

For three-quarters of a century it has been my fate to watch men and women traveling to their graves by the alcoholic highway. I have put their tragic

Personalism: A New School of Fiction
October 17, 1954

Naturalism in the proper sense—not the loose sense in which critics have been using the word—is a literary method based on the doctrine that men and w

Ambiguities in Italian Literature
October 04, 1953

To the sensibility of most Italian readers, an accomplished literary form still is the most convincing proof that the writer is dealing with reality.

Hope in an Age of Anxiety
June 01, 1953

We begin to draw about ourselves a cultural curtain similar in some respects to the Iron Curtain of our adversaries. In doing so, we tend to inflict u