Hope's Mistakes

  Living Together, Living Apart: Rethinking Jewish-Christian Relations in the Middle Ages By Jonathan Elukin (Princeton University Press, 193 pp., $24.95)  ALL HISTORIES have their sorrows,but those of Jewish history are more studied than most. The chronicles of Israel’s sufferings—the groaning under Pharaoh in Exodus, the Lamentations over lost Jerusalem, Isaiah’s consolations for her captivity—have helped the countless faithful of numerous religions explain God’s puzzling tendency to afflict his followers on earth.


Bicycle History

The Discovery of France: A Historical Geography from the Revolution to the First World War By Graham Robb (W.W. Norton, 455 pp., $27.95) FOR A BOOK OF “historical geography,”The Discovery of France has received remarkable attention and acclaim: long and appreciative reviews in British and American newspapers, the title of “notable book of the year” from The New York Times, rapturous applause in The New York Review of Books, and so forth. The reason is not hard to see. Graham Robb is an engaging and gifted writer, known for his enjoyable and instructive biographies of Hugo and Rimbaud.


To Awaken the Dead

David Macaulay: The Art of Drawing Architecture National Building Museum.   I.  What makes a writer a "children's book writer"?


Dear Mrs Masters, as you probably know, almost half our Fifth Grade Class is Jewish--not a majority but lots, without even counting our teacher Miss Husband, who's getting married (next June) to a gentile husband! --that has to change more than her name, doesn't it? Well, your office records must show who's really Jewish and who's not, and for some of us who just happen to be Jewish, those records might be the only sure indication of our race or faith or whatever makes us Jews, and therefore different from the other kids (no one really knows). But this week our Rabbi told us this wei


Ho Chi Minh: A Biography By Pierre Brocheux Translated by Claire Duiker (Cambridge University Press, 288 pp., $35) I. In Vietnam, the United States lost the war but is now well on the way to winning the peace. Could that be Vietnam's real lesson for the American involvement in Iraq? A gateway to both northeast Asia and southeast Asia, Vietnam is a hinge country with enormous strategic significance. Much of the credit for America's positioning to win the peace in Vietnam belongs to communist China.


Scandale Française

David Golder, The Ball Snow in Autumn, The Courilof Affair   By Irène Némirovsky   Translated by Sandra Smith (Everyman's Library, 340 pp., $25) Fire in the Blood   By Irène Némirovsky Translated by Sandra Smith (Alfred A. Knopf, 138 pp., $22)   Irène Némirovsky: Her Life and Works By Jonathan Weiss (Stanford University Press, 195 pp., $24.95)     I. The writer: a Jew who had fled to the French countryside seeking refuge from occupied Paris, eventually deported to Auschwitz, where she would die in a typhus epidemic soon after her arrival.


The Age of Turbulence: Adventures in a New World By Alan Greenspan (Penguin Press, 531 pp., $35) Alan Greenspan's book--part autobiography, part narrative of his eighteen years as chairman of the Federal Reserve, and part oracular survey of various Big Questions--has been on the New York Times best-seller list for many weeks as I write. But it has evoked only minor response, in spite of its author's fame and importance. The substance is complex, Greenspan is not exactly terse, and the prose plods.


Sound and vision

The Rest is Noise: Listening to the Twentieth Century By Alex Ross (Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 624 pp., $30) 'I hate 'classical music,'" cries one of its most influential proponents, Alex Ross, in an autobiographical essay, "Listen to This," lodged appropriately in The New Yorker under "Onward and Upward With the Arts": not the thing but the name. It traps a tenaciously living art in a theme- park of the past. It cancels out the possibility that music in the spirit of Beethoven could still be created today.



New disasters join us to the old chaos. The hardware of pain. The torturer's chain. Flashlight, the dog. There are no cloisters left to pray for us. Astrologers help out the little they can. By their customary indirection: Luna is with Antares. A violent fixed star, next to the malefics. Mars is in Aries in his eighth house. And his Midheaven progresses to the grill's sizzle. Testicular electrodes. The sun is a merciless engine, rubbing its hands. By Robert Bense

The World Writing

War and PeaceBy Leo TolstoyTranslated by Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky(Alfred A. Knopf, 1,296 pp., $37)War and Peace: Original VersionBy Leo TolstoyTranslated by Andrew Bromfield(Ecco, 885 pp., $34.95) I.In A Moveable Feast, Hemingway recalled sitting at the Café Lilas with the poet Evan Shipman and discussing the Constance Garnett translation of War and Peace. "They say it can be improved on.... I'm sure it can although I don't know Russian," Shipman said. "But we both know translations.