France

Winning the War, Losing the Peace in Mali
After the fighting, Mali's ethnic tensions continue to fester
February 28, 2013

The fighting may soon be over in Mali. But ethnic tensions continue to fester.

Inside the Ring
Is the circus art?
February 25, 2013

The difference between the stage and the big top.

How Baudelaire Revolutionized Modern Literature
Humiliation as a Way of Life
February 21, 2013

Baudelaire thought that everything natural was corrupt. This perverse, humiliating belief changed the face of literature.

Mali Burns, Malians Shrug
The fighting hits Timbuktu, but soccer's still on television.
January 31, 2013

The fighting hits Timbuktu, but soccer's still on television.

How Do You Stop Racism on Twitter?
Not by shaming or prosecuting users, for starters
January 31, 2013

France wants to prosecute people who write racist tweets. America prefers a different approach: vigilante justice. Neither one will solve the problem.

The War in Mali is a Reminder of France's Grand Malaise
January 15, 2013

The French public has recently been more inclined to a sense of decline, malaise, paralysis and crisis. And it is at least partially justified. 

Poland in the Darkness of World War II
December 20, 2012

The Eagle Unbowed: Poland and the Poles in the Second World War By Halik Kochanski (Harvard University Press, 734 pp., $35) The Auschwitz Volunteer: Beyond Bravery By Witold Pilecki translated by Jarek Garliński (Aquila Polonica, 460 pp., $34.95)   ONCE, THE Allied history of the Second World War—the Anglo-American history of the Second World War, the Victors’ history of the Second World War—was the only one we thought mattered.

The Birth of American Finance
December 07, 2012

How Alexander Hamilton and a Swiss anti-Federalist created our country's capitalist system.

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