USSR

Is Russia Suffering From Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder?
April 23, 2014

A psychological explanation for Russia's behavior in Ukraine.

While We Praise Ukrainian Restraint, Putin Builds His Neo-Soviet Empire
April 21, 2014

Does the Kremlin view Kiev’s judiciousness and restraint as acquiescence to Putin’s aggression?

Which Former Soviet State Could Be the Next Ukraine?
April 21, 2014

Russia says it has an obligation to protect Russian speakers everywhere, which could be used as an excuse to make additional landgrabs.

When Evil Was a Social System
The moral burdens of living under communist rule in Eastern Europe
July 13, 2013

Anne Applebaum and Marci Shore have shown that there is much to know about communism in this century that was not obvious to everyone. Both regard Soviet communism as more intertwined with the history of Nazism than most historians did before the fall of the Berlin Wall.

Moscow Is No Place for a Defector
In fleeing to Russia, Edward Snowden joins a long, unhappy litany of American dissidents
July 03, 2013

In fleeing to Russia, Edward Snowden joins a long, unhappy history

Poland in the Darkness of World War II
December 20, 2012

The Eagle Unbowed: Poland and the Poles in the Second World War By Halik Kochanski (Harvard University Press, 734 pp., $35) The Auschwitz Volunteer: Beyond Bravery By Witold Pilecki translated by Jarek Garliński (Aquila Polonica, 460 pp., $34.95)   ONCE, THE Allied history of the Second World War—the Anglo-American history of the Second World War, the Victors’ history of the Second World War—was the only one we thought mattered.