Wagner's Anti-Semitism Still Matters
July 04, 2014

It helped define European anti-Semitism, especially when it came to Jewish music

Stanley Kauffmann On Films: Who Was Wagner?
July 01, 1985

When I took a college course in Wagner, our professor told us on the first day that the final exam would consist of one question: Who was Wagner? On exam day he wrote that question on the blackboard, then left the room. At the end of the three-hour exam period, some of us were still writing. So when I heard recently of a nine-hour film that attempted to answer our exam question, it didn't strike me as grotesque. I looked forward to it as eagerly as one can possibly anticipate spending nine hours in one seat from noon to something past 11 p.m.