What can the revolutionary teach us if the revolution is dead?
Jonathan Sperber’s is among the first major Marx biographies of the post-1989 era. This may help to explain its perpetual refrain that Marx now belongs to a bygone age. But was the nineteenth century really that long ago?
From Enemy to Brother: The Revolution in Catholic Teaching on the Jews, 1933–1965 By John Connelly (Harvard University Press, 376 pp., $35) Across the violent years of the twentieth century, the Roman Catholic Church underwent a trial of conscience that ultimately brought about a radical transformation in its official doctrine regarding the Jews. Church tradition had long held that the Jewish people were abandoned by God and condemned to wander the Earth, their religion nullified by the new covenant with Christ.